Health and Aging in Africa: Longitudinal Studies of INDEPTH Communities

Cardiovascular and metabolic disease burdens are projected to more than double over the next 20 years in Sub-Saharan Africa. While high rates of HIV prevalence have caused reductions in life expectancy in many countries, the increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) is beginning to reverse the declines. Little is understood about the nature of aging in the region, where life expectancies were relatively short even before the HIV epidemic. Today, overall gains in life expectancy due to socioeconomic and health improvements – as well as scale-up of ART – have meant that adults are now experiencing the onset of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases at unforeseen levels.

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