Cognition

Cognition   

Measure Question Description  HRS MHAS ELSA SHARE KLoSA JSTAR CRELES TILDA CHARLS
Memory Self-rated memory or memory compared to 2 years ago/last interview Self perception of current memory and/or memory change since last interview w1-w12 w3 w1-w4, w7-w8 w4, 5 _ _ _ w1, w2 w1, w2
present time & compared to past  present time & compared to past  present time & compared to past  present time present time present time
Self-rated writing and reading skills Instructed to self-rate writing and reading skills _ _ _ w1, 2, 4, 5 _ _ _ _ _
Immediate word recall Read a list of nouns and instructed to recall as many as possible from the list in any order w1-w12 w1-w3 w1-w8 w1, 2, 4, 5 w1-w4 w1-w3 w1-w5 w1, w2 w1, w2
(20) HRS1, HRS2, HRS3  
(10) AHD1, AHD2, w4-w12
8 words 10 words  10 words 3 words 10 words 3 words 10 words 10 words
Delayed word recall Approximate 5-minute delayed recall of the list of nouns presented in the immediate word recall task w1-w12 w1-w3 w1-w8 w1, 2, 4, 5 w1-w4 w1-w3 w1-w5 w1, w2 w1, w2
(20) HRS1, HRS2, HRS3  
(10) AHD1, AHD2, w4-w12
8 words 10 words  10 words 3 words 10 words 3 words 10 words 10 words
Mental status Backwards count Instructed to count backwards 10 continuous numbers, starting from the number 20 or 86 w2-w12 w3 w7-w8 _ _ _ _ _ _
(20) AHD1, AHD2 w4-w12
(86) AHD2, HRS4, w5-w12
The instruction to count backwards as quickly as possible were added in AHD2 and HRS3
20 20
Serial 7s Instructed to count down from one hundred by sevens, iterating 5 times and without assistance w2-w12 _ w7-w8 w4, 5 w1-w4 w1-w2, w3* _ w1, w2 w1, w2
not asked in HRS3 - - - *question were not asked to  w3, city7 respondents - -
Date(mo/day/yr/date of the week) Asked to report "today's date," including the month, day, year and day of the week w2-w12 w2, w3 w1-w8 w1, 2, 4, 5 w1-w4 w1-w3 w1-w5 w1, w2 w1, w2
not asked in HRS3 - - - - - - - including season
Object naming  Asked to identify an object described to them. The object is either pre-selected or interviewer-selected  w2-w12 _ w7-w8 _ w1-w4 _ _ _ _
not asked in HRS3 / 2 objects 2 objects 2 objects
President/vice president naming Asked to name the current leaders w2-w12 _ w7-w8 _ _ _ _ _ _
not asked in HRS3 Reigning monarch, Prime Minister and US president
Vocabulary Vocabulary  Measure adapted from the WAIS-R. Asked to define 5 words from one of two sets w3, w5-w12 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
AHD2, w5 (asked to 65+), w6-w12
Numeracy & Numeric ability Computation Asked to solve mathematical problems that are used in everyday life w10-w12 _ w1, w4, w6*, w7*, w8* w1, 2, 4, 5 _ w1-w2, w3* _ _ _
6-item block-adaptive test subtraction, multiplication and division *questions are only asked to the new sample members or people who have not responded before multiplication and division multiplication and division *question were not asked to w3, city7 respondents
Fluid intelligence section/number series Asked to fill in missing blanks from a series of numbers w10-w12 _ w6 _ _ _ _ _ _
Verbal fluency Animal name recall Instructed to name as many as able distinct animals within 1 minute w10-w12 w3 w1-w5, w7-w8 w1, 2, 4, 5 _ _ _ w1, w2 _
Attention Letter cancellation Asked to cross out all P's and W's in a text _ _ w1-w5 _ _ _ _ _ _
Literacy Instructed to read and show comprehension of instructions on medicine labels _ _ w2, w5, w6*, w7*, w8* _ _ _ _ _ _
*questions are only asked to the new sample members or people who have not responded before
Executive functioning Command tasks were given for the respondent to then follow _ _ _ _ _ _ w1-w5 _ _
3 stages
Repeat Back 5 Digit Number Asked to repeat backwards a 5 digit number given by the interviewer _ _ _ _ _ _ w1-w3, w4*, w5* _ _
*question was not asked to spouses
Prospective memory Remember planned action or recall a planned intention  Given a prompt and asked to react _ _ w1-w5 _ _ _ _ _ _
clipboard along with pencil
Visuoconstruction Picture drawing Instructed to draw an image of their choosing _ w1-w3 _ _ w1-w4 _ w1-w3 _ w1, w2
w1, w2 (2 figures),       w3 (1 figure) 90sec per figure two pentagons overlapped two circles overlapped two pentagons overlapped