Health

Health   

Measure Variables HRS MHAS ELSA SHARE CRELES KLoSA JSTAR TILDA CHARLS LASI
Self-Reported Health Self-reported health w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor (w1, 2, 4-8)/
1.very good
2.good
3.fair
4.bad
5.very bad (w1, 3)
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor (w1, 2, 4, 5, 6)/
1.very good
2.good
3.fair
4.bad
5.very bad (w1)
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor/
1.very good
2.good
3.fair
4.poor
5.very poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor/
1.very good
2.good
3.fair
4.poor
5.very poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor/
1.very good
2.good
3.fair
4.poor
5.very poor
Self-Reported Vision Self-reported eyesight w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 - -
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
6. legally blind
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. very good
2. good
3. fair
4. poor
5. very poor
1. can see very well
2. can see well
3. can see at an average level
4. can see only so-so
5. can’t see well
6. can’t see at all, or am visually impaired
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
6. registered or legally blind
Self-reported distance eyesight w3-13 - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-3 w1-7 - w1 w1-3 w1
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
number from 1-7 1. very good
2. good
3. fair
4. poor
5. very poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
6. registered or legally blind
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. very good
2. good
3. fair
4. poor
5. very poor
Self-reported near eyesight w3-13 - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-3 w1-7 - w1 w1-3 w1
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
number from 1-7 1. very good
2. good
3. fair
4. poor
5. very poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
6. registered or legally blind
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. very good
2. good
3. fair
4. poor
5. very poor
Self-Reported Hearing Self-reported hearing w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 -
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. very good
2. good
3. fair
4. bad
5. very bad
1. can hear very well
2. can hear well
3. can hear at an average level
4. hear only so-so
5. don’t hear well
6. cannot hear at all, or am hearing-impaired.
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
1. excellent
2. very good
3. good
4. fair
5. poor
Usually wear hearing device w1-13 w1-4 w7 w1-2, w4-7 w1-3 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Dental Tooth loss w8-13 - w3, w5, w7 w5 w1, w4-5 - - w1-2 w1-3 w1
all teeth w3, w5
(1. has no natural teeth and wears dentures
2. has both natural teeth and denture(s)
3. has only natural teeth
4. has neither natural teeth nor dentures),
w7
(amount left)
amount loss amount loss 1. none missing
2. some missing
3. have denture as week as some teeth
4. full denture
5. no teeth or no denture
all teeth 1. lost all natural teeth,
2. lost some natural teeth,
3. have not lost any teeth
Doctor Diagnosed: Ever Have Condition Hypertension w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Diabetes w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Cancer, excluding minor skin cancer w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
      including leukemia or lymphoma       including leukemia or lymphoma    
COPD, lung disease w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
  tuberculosis, respiratory illness, such as asthma or emphysema chronic lung disease such as chronic bronchitis or emphysema chronic bronchitis or emphysema emphysema, tuberculosis, asthma or chronic bronchitis bronchitis or emphysema chronic bronchitis,
emphysema
chronic bronchitis or emphysema chronic bronchitis or emphysema COPD, chronic bronchitis, or other chronic lung problems
Heart problems w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, congestive heart failure, or other heart problems heart attack angina, a heart attack (including myocardial infarction or coronary thrombosis), congestive heart failure, a heart murmur, an abnormal heart rhythm, or any other heart trouble. heart attack, including myocardial infarction or coronary thrombosis, or any other heart problem, including congestive heart failure heart attack or heart disease having had a heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, congestive heart failure angina, heart failure, cardiac
infarction, valve disease, etc.
heart attack, including myocardial infarction or coronary thrombosis, or any other heart problem, including congestive heart failure heart attack, coronary heart
disease, angina, congestive heart failure, or other heart problems
coronary heart disease (heart attack or myocardial infarction), congestive heart failure, or other chronic heart problems
Stroke w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
    cerebrovascular disease cerebral vascular disease   possible ischemic attack cerebral accident, cerebrovascular accident cerebral vascular
disease
   
Arthritis or rheumatism w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
- - arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatism w5-w7 rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis/other rheumatism are separate questions - - joints disorder - arthritis only  
Asthma w9-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2 w1-5 - w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
  combine with other respiratory illness     combine with other respiratory diseases        
Emotional, nervous, or psychiatric problems w1-13 - w1-8 w2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
    anxiety, nervous or psychiatric problems depression and nervous problems   depression, emotional disorder psychological disorder - depression, unipolar/ bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, other psychiatric problems
Memory-related disease w4-13 - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Alzheimer (w10 - w13), dementia (w10 - w13), memory problem (w4 -w9) Alzheimer's or dementia/organic brain syndrom/senility/any other serious memory impairment (w1) or dementia/senility/another serious memory impairment (w2-8) Alzheimer's/dementia memory impairment, dementia dementia Alzheimer, dementia, organic brain syndrome, senility serious memory impairment memory related condition Alzheimer's/ dementia
High cholesterol w1, w13 - w2-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 - w1-3 - w1-3 w1
  high cholesterol - high cholesterol hyperlipidemia elevation of low density lipoprotein, triglycerides (TGs), and total cholesterol, or a low high density lipoprotein level  
Osteoporosis w11-13 - w1-8 w1, w2 w1-5 - w1-3 w1 - w1
- sometimes called thin or brittle bones - frail bones, bone fragility - -  
Liver disease - w1-4 - - - w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 -
liver or kidney infection  except fatty liver hepatitis B or C, hepatic
cirrhosis, etc. Not including liver cancer
cirrhosis, or serious liver damage except
fatty liver, tumors, or cancer
Stomach or other digestive disease - w1-4 - w1-2, w4-7 - w5-7 w1-3 - w1-3 -
stomach pain, indigestion, diarrhea combine with duodenal ulcer, peptic ulcer gastritis, stomach ulcer, duodenal ulcer combine with ulcer except tumor or cancer
Parkinson's disease - - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1 - w1
        neurological problems such as neuropathy, convulsions, migrain, Parkinson's
Peptic ulcer disease w1-2 - - w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1 - -
stomach or intestinal ulcers combine with stomach combine with stomach disorder stomach ulcer
Kidney disease - w1-4 - - - - - - w1-3 -
liver or kidney infection except tumor or cancer
Falls Fallen last 2 yrs w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-3 w1-7 - w1-2 w1-3 w1
w2 (1 year),
w3-13 (2 years)
  w1-3, w5-8 (2 years),
w4 (1 year)
bothered by fall last 6 months     w1 (1 year),
w2 (1 year or since ivw)
   
Number of falls w3-13 - w1-8 - w1-3 w1-7 - w1-2 w1-3 w1
  w1-3, w5-8 (2 years),
w4 (1 year)
    w1 (1 year),
w2 (1 year or since ivw)
   
Injured from fall w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 - - w1-7 - w1-2 - w1
Pain Often troubled with pain w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w5-7 w5 w1-7 - w1-2 w1-3 w1
              w1 (currently), w2 (yesterday), w3 (often troubled)  
Usual pain level
(Mild/ Moderate/ Severe)
w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w5-7 w5 w1-7 - w1-2 w1-3 -
        light/ moderate/ severe highest pain level   w1, w3 (mild, moderate, severe);
w2 (none, a little, some, quite a bit, a lot)
Pain interferes with activities w1-13 w1-4 - - w5 w1-7 - w1-2 - w1
Self-Reported Body Measurements Self-reported height w1-13 w1-4 - w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 - -
Self-reported weight w1-13 w1-4 - w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 - -
BMI (from self-report) w1-13 w1-4 - w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 - -

Functional Limitation   

Measure Question HRS MHAS ELSA SHARE CRELES KLoSA JSTAR TILDA CHARLS LASI
ADL Diff-bathing w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Diff-eating w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Diff-get in/out of bed w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Diff-using toilet w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Diff-walk across room w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 - w1-3 w1 - w1
Diff-dressing w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Diff-controlling urination/defecation - - - - - w1-7 - - w1-3 -
Diff-brushing teeth, washing face/hair - - - - - w1-7 - - - -
IADL Diff-managing money w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
            3 separate questions: paying bills, withdraw money from bank, filling out a pension document      
Diff-take medications w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
            take medicine by yourself      
Diff-shop for groceries w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
          shopping- deciding and paying        
Diff-preparing hot meals w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Diff-use telephone w2-13 - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - w1-7 w1-3 w1 w2-3 w1
Diff-doing work around house - - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - w1-7 - w1 w1-3 w1
house or garden     household chores cleaning house house or garden
Diff-use a map w1-13 - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - - - - -
Diff-use a calculator w1-2 - -   - - - - - -
Diff-use a computer w1 - w1-8   - - - - - -
Diff-recognizing physical danger - - w4-8 - - - - - - -
Diff-communication - - w4-8 - - - - - - -
Diff-leave house alone/use trans - - - w6-7 - - - - - -
Diff-doing laundry - - - w6-7 - w1-7 - - - -
Diff-using transportation - - - - - w1-7 - - - -
Diff-going out short distance - - - - - w1-7 - - - -
Diff-grooming - - - - - w1-7 - - - -
Diff-getting around or finding address - - - - - - - - - w1
Functional Ability Diff-walk one block w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
    100 yards 100 meters 100 meters 100 meters 100 meters 100 yards
Diff-sit for 2 hours w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Diff-get up from chair w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Diff-climb several flights stairs w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Diff-climb 1 flight stairs w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1-2 - -
Diff-stoop/kneel/crouch w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Diff-lift/carry 10lbs w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
  5 kgs   10 lbs/ 5 kilos 5 kg 10 lbs/ 5 kilos 10 jin 5 kilos
Diff-pick up a coin w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 - - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
dime one peso 5p coin   1 yen coin      
Diff-reach/extend arms up w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 - w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Diff-push/pull large object w2-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 - w1-3 w1-2 - w1
Diff-walk several blocks w2-13 w1-4 - - w1-5 - - - w1-3 -
      1 km
Diff-jog one mile w2-13 w1-4 - - - - - w1-2 w1-3 -
  1 km   1 km
Response Scale No/ Yes w1*,
w2**,
w3-13
w1-4;
1.No
2.Yes
3.Can't do
4.Don't do
w1-9 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3;
1.No, I don't have any diff,
2.I have diff but can still do it
3.Yes, I have diff and need help,
4.I cannot do it
w1
*HRS wave 1 response scale: 1.Not at all diff, 2.A little diff, 3.Somewhat diff, 4.Very diff/can't do
**HRS wave 2 response scale: 1.Yes, a little, 2.Yes, a lot, 3.Yes, DK/NA how much, 4.Yes, RF how much, 5.Can't do

Health Behavior   

Measure Question HRS MHAS ELSA SHARE CRELES KLoSA JSTAR TILDA CHARLS LASI
Smoking Ever smoke w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
Smoke now w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Smoke frequency w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1 w1-3 w1
number of cigarettes/
day
number of cigarettes/
day
number of cigarettes (or amount of tobacco)/
day on weekdays and weekends
average amount of cigarettes, pipes or cigars per day number of cigarettes, cigars, or pipes normally smoke per day number of cigarettes/day number of cigarettes/day average amount of cigarettes, pipes, or cigars or cigarillos per day number of cigarettes/
day
number of cigarettes, bidis, cigars, cheroots/ day and grams of tobacco/ day
Amount of cigarettes w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w6-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
cigarettes or packs cigarettes or packs cigarettes w1-2 (cigarettes, pipes or cigars); w6-7 (cigarettes) cigarettes, cigars, or pipes cigarettes or packs cigarettes cigarettes, pipes, and cigars or cigarillos cigarettes cigarettes, bidis, cigars, cheroots
Started smoking w4-13 w1-4 life history w1-2, w4-7 w1, w4 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
age start, year start, years ago started age start, years ago started year first smoked daily # years age start, year start year & month start age start # years age start, year start age start, yeart start, years ago started
Quit smoking w1, w4-13 w1-4 w2-8 w1, w2, w4-7 w1, w4 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
age quit, year quit, years ago quit age quit, year quit, years ago quit stopped since last ivw age quit (w1); stopped since last ivw (w2, w4-7) age quit, year quit year & month quit age quit age quit whether quit age quit, year quit, years ago quit
Drinking Ever drink w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w2, w4-5 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Drinking frequency w1-13 w1-4 w2-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
w1-w2 (range of # drinks per day),
w3-w13 (# days per week),
w3-13 (# drinks/day when drinks)
# days per week / # of drinks per day w2-8 (# days per week), w2-3 (# drinks per day), w4-7 (# drinks per week) w1 (last 6 months);
w2, w4-w7 (last 3 months):
1. Almost every day,
2. Five or six days a week,
3. Three or four days a week,
4. Once or twice a week,
5. Once or twice a month,
6. Less than once a month,
7. Not at all in the last 3 months

w2, w4-w5 (# drinks per day)

w6-w7 (# drinks in the last week)
1. Occasionally,
2. Daily,
3. Only on special occasioons,
4. Does not currently drink,
5. Never drank
1. None or less than once a month,
2. Once a month,
3. 2-3 times a month,
4. Once a week,
5. 2-3 times a week,
6. 4-5 times a week,
7. Once a day,
8. More than twice a day

(# of drinks per day)
1. Every day,
2. 5-6 days per week,
3. 3-4 days per week,
4. 1-2 days per week,
5. Several times per month,
6. Not at all

(# of drinks per day)
w1:
1. Almost every day,
2. Five or six days a week,
3. Three or four days a week,
4. Once or twice a week,
5. Once or twice a month,
6. Less than once a month,
7. Not at all in the last 6 months

(# of drinks per day)

w2:
1. Daily,
2. 4-6 days a week,
3. 2-3 days a week,
4. Once a week,
5. 2-3 days a month,
6. Once a month,
7. One or a couple of days per year,
8. None or doesn't drink
1. None or doesn't drink,
2. Once a month,
3. 2-3 times a month,
4. Once a week,
5. 2-3 days a week,
6. 4-6 days a week,
7. Daily,
8. Twice a day,
9. More than twice a day
last 3 months:
0. None,
1. Less than once a month,
2. 1-3 days per month,
3. 1-4 days per week,
4. 5 or more days per week
Type of drink w1-13 w1-3 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1
Any alcoholic Any alcoholic Any alcoholic Any alcoholic Any alcoholic 1. So-ju (Korean
liquor),
2. Beer,
3.Makgeolli (rice
wine),
4. Whisky and
other liquors,
5. Wine
1.Beer,
2.Shochu,
3.Sake,
4.Whiskey,
5.Wine (not
ask in w2
5cities)
w1: any alcohol
w2: an alcoholic drink, glass of wine, glass of beer etc.
1.Liquor,
2.Beer,
3.Wine or rice
wine
a. Beer,
b. Wine,
c. Distilled spirits/ liquor/ arrack,
d. Toddy/ Tadi (palm wine),
e. Country liquor/ desi sharab,
f. other
Binge drinking w3-13 w1-4 - w2, w4-7 - - - - - w1
4 or more drinks; number of days last 3 months 4 or more drinks; number of days last 3 months w2 (4 or more drinks; number of days last 3 months); w4-7 (6 or more drinks; frequency in last 3 months) 5 or more drinks; frequency in last 3 months
CAGE questions w1-13 w1-4 - - w1, w4 w1-7 - w1-2 - w1
Physical Exercise Vigorous w1-13 w1-4 w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w1-5 w1-7 w1-3 w1-2 w1-3 w1

aerobics, running, swimming, bicycling
sports, heavy household chores, or other physical work sports or activities that are vigorous sports, heavy housework, job involves physical labor sports, jogging, dancing, or heavy work work out or exercises minutes of exercise, sports, walking on weekday or weekend heavy lifting, digging, aerobics, fast bicycling heavy lifting,
digging, plowing, aerobics, fast bicycling,
and cycling with a heavy load
running or jogging, swimming, going to a health center or gym, cycling, digging with a spade or shovel, heavy lifting, chopping, farm work, fast bicycling, or cycling with loads
Moderate w7-13 - w1-8 w1-2, w4-7 w3-5 - - w1-2 w1-3 w1
gardening, cleaning the car, walking sports or activities that are moderately energetic gardening, cleaning the car, walking carrying light loads, bicycling at a regular place, or dancing, excludes walking carrying light loads, bicycling at a regular pace, or doubles tennis carrying light loads,
bicycling at a regular pace, or mopping the
floor
cleaning house, washing clothes by hand, fetching water or wood, drawing water from a well, gardening, bicycling at a regular pace, walking at a moderate pace, dancing, floor or stretching exercises
Light w7-13 - w1-8 - w3-5 - - w1 w1-3 w1
laundry, home repairs sports or activities that are mildly energetic walks 10 continuous minutes walking walking yoga, meditation, asana, panayama or similar
Frequency w1-6:
3+ times per week;
w2:
1. More than once a week,
2. Once a week,
3. 1-3 times a month,
4. Hardly ever or never,
5. Every day (vol)
3+ times per week 1. More than once a week,
2. Once a week,
3. 1-3 times a month,
4. Hardly ever or never
1. More than once a week,
2. Once a week,
3. 1-3 times a month,
4. Hardly ever or never
3 times per week (vigorous);
day per week and hours/minutes per day (moderate and light)
more than once a week;
# times per week
minutes on weekday and weekend # days in last week;
# hours/minutes per day
at least 10 minutes continuously during usual week;
# days at least 10 minutes in usual week;
< 2 hours on those days;
1. <30 minutes,
2. >= 30 minutes
1. Every day,
2. More than once a week,
3. Once a week,
4. 1-3 times a month,
5.Hardly ever or never;
# minutes on average in a day