Section H: Employment History

Section H: Employment History for Harmonized SHARE

item label type description
R1WORK Constructed variable r1work:w1 R working for pay
R2WORK Constructed variable r2work:w2 R working for pay
R4WORK Constructed variable r4work:w4 R working for pay
R5WORK Constructed variable r5work:w5 R working for pay
R6WORK Constructed variable r6work:w6 R working for pay
S1WORK Constructed variable s1work:w1 S working for pay
S2WORK Constructed variable s2work:w2 S working for pay
S4WORK Constructed variable s4work:w4 S working for pay
S5WORK Constructed variable s5work:w5 S working for pay
S6WORK Constructed variable s6work:w6 S working for pay
R1WORK2 Constructed variable r1work2:w1 R Works at 2nd job
R2WORK2 Constructed variable r2work2:w2 R Works at 2nd job
R4WORK2 Constructed variable r4work2:w4 R Works at 2nd job
R5WORK2 Constructed variable r5work2:w5 R Works at 2nd job
R6WORK2 Constructed variable r6work2:w6 R Works at 2nd job
S1WORK2 Constructed variable s1work2:w1 S Works at 2nd job
S2WORK2 Constructed variable s2work2:w2 S Works at 2nd job
S4WORK2 Constructed variable s4work2:w4 S Works at 2nd job
S5WORK2 Constructed variable s5work2:w5 S Works at 2nd job
S6WORK2 Constructed variable s6work2:w6 S Works at 2nd job
R1SLFEMP Constructed variable r1slfemp:w1 r Whether Self-Employed
R2SLFEMP Constructed variable r2slfemp:w2 r Whether Self-Employed
R4SLFEMP Constructed variable r4slfemp:w4 r Whether Self-Employed
R5SLFEMP Constructed variable r5slfemp:w5 r Whether Self-Employed
R6SLFEMP Constructed variable r6slfemp:w6 r Whether Self-Employed
S1SLFEMP Constructed variable s1slfemp:w1 s Whether Self-Employed
S2SLFEMP Constructed variable s2slfemp:w2 s Whether Self-Employed
S4SLFEMP Constructed variable s4slfemp:w4 s Whether Self-Employed
S5SLFEMP Constructed variable s5slfemp:w5 s Whether Self-Employed
S6SLFEMP Constructed variable s6slfemp:w6 s Whether Self-Employed
R1LBRF_S Constructed variable r1lbrf_s:w1 R labor force status
R2LBRF_S Constructed variable r2lbrf_s:w2 R labor force status
R4LBRF_S Constructed variable r4lbrf_s:w4 R labor force status
R5LBRF_S Constructed variable r5lbrf_s:w5 R labor force status
R6LBRF_S Constructed variable r6lbrf_s:w6 R labor force status
S1LBRF_S Constructed variable s1lbrf_s:w1 S labor force status
S2LBRF_S Constructed variable s2lbrf_s:w2 S labor force status
S4LBRF_S Constructed variable s4lbrf_s:w4 S labor force status
S5LBRF_S Constructed variable s5lbrf_s:w5 S labor force status
S6LBRF_S Constructed variable s6lbrf_s:w6 S labor force status
R1JHOURS Constructed variable r1jhours:w1 r Hours worked/week main job
R2JHOURS Constructed variable r2jhours:w2 r Hours worked/week main job
R4JHOURS Constructed variable r4jhours:w4 r Hours worked/week main job
R5JHOURS Constructed variable r5jhours:w5 r Hours worked/week main job
R6JHOURS Constructed variable r6jhours:w6 r Hours worked/week main job
S1JHOURS Constructed variable s1jhours:w1 s Hours worked/week main job
S2JHOURS Constructed variable s2jhours:w2 s Hours worked/week main job
S4JHOURS Constructed variable s4jhours:w4 s Hours worked/week main job
S5JHOURS Constructed variable s5jhours:w5 s Hours worked/week main job
S6JHOURS Constructed variable s6jhours:w6 s Hours worked/week main job
R1JHOUR2 Constructed variable r1jhour2:w1 r Hours worked/week 2nd job
R2JHOUR2 Constructed variable r2jhour2:w2 r Hours worked/week 2nd job
R4JHOUR2 Constructed variable r4jhour2:w4 r Hours worked/week 2nd job
R5JHOUR2 Constructed variable r5jhour2:w5 r Hours worked/week 2nd job
R6JHOUR2 Constructed variable r6jhour2:w6 r Hours worked/week 2nd job
S1JHOUR2 Constructed variable s1jhour2:w1 s Hours worked/week 2nd job
S2JHOUR2 Constructed variable s2jhour2:w2 s Hours worked/week 2nd job
S4JHOUR2 Constructed variable s4jhour2:w4 s Hours worked/week 2nd job
S5JHOUR2 Constructed variable s5jhour2:w5 s Hours worked/week 2nd job
S6JHOUR2 Constructed variable s6jhour2:w6 s Hours worked/week 2nd job
R1JWEEKS_S Constructed variable r1jweeks_s:w1 r Weeks worked/year main job
R2JWEEKS_S Constructed variable r2jweeks_s:w2 r Weeks worked/year main job
R4JWEEKS_S Constructed variable r4jweeks_s:w4 r Weeks worked/year main job
R5JWEEKS_S Constructed variable r5jweeks_s:w5 r Weeks worked/year main job
S1JWEEKS_S Constructed variable s1jweeks_s:w1 s Weeks worked/year main job
S2JWEEKS_S Constructed variable s2jweeks_s:w2 s Weeks worked/year main job
S4JWEEKS_S Constructed variable s4jweeks_s:w4 s Weeks worked/year main job
S5JWEEKS_S Constructed variable s5jweeks_s:w5 s Weeks worked/year main job
R1JWEEK2_S Constructed variable r1jweek2_s:w1 r Weeks worked/year 2nd job
R2JWEEK2_S Constructed variable r2jweek2_s:w2 r Weeks worked/year 2nd job
R4JWEEK2_S Constructed variable r4jweek2_s:w4 r Weeks worked/year 2nd job
R5JWEEK2_S Constructed variable r5jweek2_s:w5 r Weeks worked/year 2nd job
R6JWEEK2_S Constructed variable r6jweek2_s:w6 r Weeks worked/year 2nd job
S1JWEEK2_S Constructed variable s1jweek2_s:w1 s Weeks worked/year 2nd job
S2JWEEK2_S Constructed variable s2jweek2_s:w2 s Weeks worked/year 2nd job
S4JWEEK2_S Constructed variable s4jweek2_s:w4 s Weeks worked/year 2nd job
S5JWEEK2_S Constructed variable s5jweek2_s:w5 s Weeks worked/year 2nd job
S6JWEEK2_S Constructed variable s6jweek2_s:w6 s Weeks worked/year 2nd job
R1WGIHR_S Constructed variable r1wgihr_s:w1 r Wage Rate-Hrly
R2WGIHR_S Constructed variable r2wgihr_s:w2 r Wage Rate-Hrly
S1WGIHR_S Constructed variable s1wgihr_s:w1 s Wage Rate-Hrly
S2WGIHR_S Constructed variable s2wgihr_s:w2 s Wage Rate-Hrly
R1WGIWK_S Constructed variable r1wgiwk_s:w1 r Wage Rate-Wkly
R2WGIWK_S Constructed variable r2wgiwk_s:w2 r Wage Rate-Wkly
S1WGIWK_S Constructed variable s1wgiwk_s:w1 s Wage Rate-Wkly
S2WGIWK_S Constructed variable s2wgiwk_s:w2 s Wage Rate-Wkly
R1FFREQ Constructed variable r1ffreq:w1 r Flag Wage Rate: Frequency
R2FFREQ Constructed variable r2ffreq:w2 r Flag Wage Rate: Frequency
S1FFREQ Constructed variable s1ffreq:w1 s Flag Wage Rate: Frequency
S2FFREQ Constructed variable s2ffreq:w2 s Flag Wage Rate: Frequency
R1FPAYMENT Constructed variable r1fpayment:w1 r Flag Wage Rate: Payment
R2FPAYMENT Constructed variable r2fpayment:w2 r Flag Wage Rate: Payment
S1FPAYMENT Constructed variable s1fpayment:w1 s Flag Wage Rate: Payment
S2FPAYMENT Constructed variable s2fpayment:w2 s Flag Wage Rate: Payment
R1FHOURS Constructed variable r1fhours:w1 r Flag Wage Rate: Hours
R2FHOURS Constructed variable r2fhours:w2 r Flag Wage Rate: Hours
S1FHOURS Constructed variable s1fhours:w1 s Flag Wage Rate: Hours
S2FHOURS Constructed variable s2fhours:w2 s Flag Wage Rate: Hours
R1JPHYSA Constructed variable r1jphysa:w1 r Cur job req lots phys effort
R2JPHYSA Constructed variable r2jphysa:w2 r Cur job req lots phys effort
R4JPHYSA Constructed variable r4jphysa:w4 r Cur job req lots phys effort
R5JPHYSA Constructed variable r5jphysa:w5 r Cur job req lots phys effort
R6JPHYSA Constructed variable r6jphysa:w6 r Cur job req lots phys effort
S1JPHYSA Constructed variable s1jphysa:w1 s Cur job req lots phys effort
S2JPHYSA Constructed variable s2jphysa:w2 s Cur job req lots phys effort
S4JPHYSA Constructed variable s4jphysa:w4 s Cur job req lots phys effort
S5JPHYSA Constructed variable s5jphysa:w5 s Cur job req lots phys effort
S6JPHYSA Constructed variable s6jphysa:w6 s Cur job req lots phys effort
R1JPRESS Constructed variable r1jpress:w1 r Under pressure due to workload
R2JPRESS Constructed variable r2jpress:w2 r Under pressure due to workload
R4JPRESS Constructed variable r4jpress:w4 r Under pressure due to workload
R5JPRESS Constructed variable r5jpress:w5 r Under pressure due to workload
R6JPRESS Constructed variable r6jpress:w6 r Under pressure due to workload
S1JPRESS Constructed variable s1jpress:w1 s Under pressure due to workload
S2JPRESS Constructed variable s2jpress:w2 s Under pressure due to workload
S4JPRESS Constructed variable s4jpress:w4 s Under pressure due to workload
S5JPRESS Constructed variable s5jpress:w5 s Under pressure due to workload
S6JPRESS Constructed variable s6jpress:w6 s Under pressure due to workload
R1JISCO Constructed variable r1jisco:w1 r ISCO code for current job
R2JISCO Constructed variable r2jisco:w2 r ISCO code for current job
R4JISCO Constructed variable r4jisco:w4 r ISCO code for current job
R5JISCO Constructed variable r5jisco:w5 r ISCO code for current job
R6JISCO Constructed variable r6jisco:w6 r ISCO code for current job
S1JISCO Constructed variable s1jisco:w1 s ISCO code for current job
S2JISCO Constructed variable s2jisco:w2 s ISCO code for current job
S4JISCO Constructed variable s4jisco:w4 s ISCO code for current job
S5JISCO Constructed variable s5jisco:w5 s ISCO code for current job
S6JISCO Constructed variable s6jisco:w6 s ISCO code for current job
R1JNACE Constructed variable r1jnace:w1 r NACE code for current job
R2JNACE Constructed variable r2jnace:w2 r NACE code for current job
R4JNACE Constructed variable r4jnace:w4 r NACE code for current job
R5JNACE Constructed variable r5jnace:w5 r NACE code for current job
R6JNACE Constructed variable r6jnace:w6 r NACE code for current job
S1JNACE Constructed variable s1jnace:w1 s NACE code for current job
S2JNACE Constructed variable s2jnace:w2 s NACE code for current job
S4JNACE Constructed variable s4jnace:w4 s NACE code for current job
S5JNACE Constructed variable s5jnace:w5 s NACE code for current job
S6JNACE Constructed variable s6jnace:w6 s NACE code for current job
R1JCTEN Constructed variable r1jcten:w1 r Current Job Tenure
R2JCTEN Constructed variable r2jcten:w2 r Current Job Tenure
R4JCTEN Constructed variable r4jcten:w4 r Current Job Tenure
R5JCTEN Constructed variable r5jcten:w5 r Current Job Tenure
R6JCTEN Constructed variable r6jcten:w6 r Current Job Tenure
S1JCTEN Constructed variable s1jcten:w1 s Current Job Tenure
S2JCTEN Constructed variable s2jcten:w2 s Current Job Tenure
S4JCTEN Constructed variable s4jcten:w4 s Current Job Tenure
S5JCTEN Constructed variable s5jcten:w5 s Current Job Tenure
S6JCTEN Constructed variable s6jcten:w6 s Current Job Tenure
R1JLASTY Constructed variable r1jlasty:w1 r Year Last Worked/not workng
R2JLASTY Constructed variable r2jlasty:w2 r Year Last Worked/not workng
R4JLASTY Constructed variable r4jlasty:w4 r Year Last Worked/not workng
R5JLASTY Constructed variable r5jlasty:w5 r Year Last Worked/not workng
R6JLASTY Constructed variable r6jlasty:w6 r Year Last Worked/not workng
S1JLASTY Constructed variable s1jlasty:w1 s Year Last Worked/not workng
S2JLASTY Constructed variable s2jlasty:w2 s Year Last Worked/not workng
S4JLASTY Constructed variable s4jlasty:w4 s Year Last Worked/not workng
S5JLASTY Constructed variable s5jlasty:w5 s Year Last Worked/not workng
S6JLASTY Constructed variable s6jlasty:w6 s Year Last Worked/not workng
Start of Section H: Employment History
 

 
End of Section H: Employment History
Section J: Employment History 
Currently working for pay 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1WORK        r1work:w1 R working for pay                                   Categ
  2  R2WORK        r2work:w2 R working for pay                                   Categ

  1  S1WORK        s1work:w1 S working for pay                                   Categ
  2  S2WORK        s2work:w2 S working for pay                                   Categ

  1  R1WORK2       r1work2:w1 R Works at 2nd job                                 Categ
  2  R2WORK2       r2work2:w2 R Works at 2nd job                                 Categ

  1  S1WORK2       s1work2:w1 S Works at 2nd job                                 Categ
  2  S2WORK2       s2work2:w2 S Works at 2nd job                                 Categ

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1WORK        33376         0.430         0.495         0.000         1.000
R2WORK        24226         0.079         0.269         0.000         1.000

S1WORK        17147         0.345         0.475         0.000         1.000
S2WORK        14631         0.082         0.274         0.000         1.000

R1WORK2       28269         0.026         0.159         0.000         1.000
R2WORK2       32078         0.019         0.138         0.000         1.000

S1WORK2       17145         0.025         0.157         0.000         1.000
S2WORK2       19951         0.019         0.138         0.000         1.000

Categorical Variable Codes


Value-----------------------------------|      R1WORK       R2WORK                                                 
.d:dk                                   |           4           10                                                 
.r:refuse                               |          27           12                                                 
0.Not working for pay                   |       19009        22323                                                 
1.Working for pay                       |       14367         1903                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|      S1WORK       S2WORK                                                 
.d:dk                                   |           2            4                                                 
.r:refuse                               |          20            9                                                 
.u:unmar                                |        7343         8605                                                 
.v:sp nr                                |        3888         4506                                                 
0.Not working for pay                   |       11233        13438                                                 
1.Working for pay                       |        5914         1193                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|     R1WORK2      R2WORK2                                                 
.d:dk                                   |                        7                                                 
.r:refuse                               |           1            7                                                 
0.Not working for pay                   |       27538        31457                                                 
1.Working for pay                       |         731          621                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|     S1WORK2      S2WORK2                                                 
.d:dk                                   |                        4                                                 
.r:refuse                               |                        6                                                 
.u:unmar                                |        7343         8605                                                 
.v:sp nr                                |        3888         4506                                                 
0.Not working for pay                   |       16711        19562                                                 
1.Working for pay                       |         434          389                                                 

How Constructed:

RwWORK indicates whether the individual did any paid work over a specific time period. If the individual answers at wave 1 or is a new respondent at wave 2 he/she is asked whether he/she did any paid work in the last four weeks. If he/she answers at wave 2 and was previously interviewed at wave 1 he/she is asked whether he/she has done any paid work since the last interview. This question is asked to all respondents who report employed or self-employed. Respondents who, when asked to describe their current employment situation, define themselves as being employed or self-employed. RwWORK takes value 1 if the individual did work for pay and 0 otherwise.

RwWORK2 indicates whether the respondent is working more than one job. RwWORK2 takes value 0 (R does not work more than one job) whenever RwWORK is 0.

SwWORK records whether the respondent’s spouse in the current wave is working for pay. Its value is taken from the spouse's RwWORK. SwWORK2 records whether the respondent’s spouse in the current wave is working more than one job. Its value is taken from the spouse's RwWORK2. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

Wave 1 respondents and wave 2 new respondents are asked whether they did any paid work in the last four weeks. Wave 2 respondents who were also interviewed in wave 1 are asked whether they did any paid work since the last interview.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

The HRS asks the following question: “are you doing any work for pay at the present time?” Unlike the HRS, the SHARE question refers specifically to activities done in the four weeks (or since the last interview for those in wave 2 who also answer the questionnaire in wave 1), whereas the HRS question considers any work for pay at the present time.

The HRS surveys respondents about a second job by asking, “are you doing any other work for pay now, such as (another) business of your own, a second job, or the military reserve. Unlike the HRS, the SHARE asks respondents “Do you currently have more than one job.”

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP002_     did nevertheless any paid work last four weeks              
    EP005_     current job situation                                       
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP002_     did nevertheless any paid work last four weeks              
    EP005_     current job situation                                       
Whether Self-Employed 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1SLFEMP      r1slfemp:w1 Whether Self-Employed                             Categ
  2  R2SLFEMP      r2slfemp:w2 Whether Self-Employed                             Categ

  1  S1SLFEMP      s1slfemp:w1 Whether Self-Employed                             Categ
  2  S2SLFEMP      s2slfemp:w2 Whether Self-Employed                             Categ

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1SLFEMP       9299         0.208         0.406         0.000         1.000
R2SLFEMP      10912         0.211         0.408         0.000         1.000

S1SLFEMP       6110         0.195         0.396         0.000         1.000
S2SLFEMP       7227         0.208         0.406         0.000         1.000

Categorical Variable Codes


Value-----------------------------------|    R1SLFEMP     R2SLFEMP                                                 
.d:dk                                   |          64           28                                                 
.r:refuse                               |          57           19                                                 
0.Not self-employed                     |        7368         8614                                                 
1.Self-employed                         |        1931         2298                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|    S1SLFEMP     S2SLFEMP                                                 
.d:dk                                   |          35           14                                                 
.r:refuse                               |          33           12                                                 
.u:unmar                                |        7343         8605                                                 
.v:sp nr                                |        3888         4506                                                 
0.Not self-employed                     |        4921         5721                                                 
1.Self-employed                         |        1189         1506                                                 

How Constructed:

RwSLFEMP is taken from the SHARE question asking respondents to identify themselves as an employee, a civil servant, or self-employed in the main job. The question is only asked if the respondent reported being employed or self-employed, doing paid work in the last month, or temporarily away from work.  RwSLFEMP takes value of 1 if the respondent reports being self-employed in his/her main job and 0 otherwise.

SwSLFEMP records whether the respondent’s spouse in the current wave is self-employed. Its value is taken from the spouse's RwSLFEMP. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

Unlike the HRS which asks “do you work for someone else, are you self-employed, or what?” the SHARE allows respondents to identify themselves as employees, civil servant, or self-employed.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP009_     employee or self-employed                                   
Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP009_     employee or self-employed                                   
Labor Force Status 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1LBRF_S      r1lbrf_s:w1 R labor force status                              Categ
  2  R2LBRF_S      r2lbrf_s:w2 R labor force status                              Categ

  1  S1LBRF_S      s1lbrf_s:w1 S labor force status                              Categ
  2  S2LBRF_S      s2lbrf_s:w2 S labor force status                              Categ

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1LBRF_S      28205         4.292         2.406         1.000         8.000
R2LBRF_S      33570         4.225         2.326         1.000         8.000

S1LBRF_S      17133         4.182         2.456         1.000         8.000
S2LBRF_S      20950         4.156         2.379         1.000         8.000

Categorical Variable Codes


Value-----------------------------------|    R1LBRF_S     R2LBRF_S                                                 
.d:dk                                   |           5           12                                                 
.o:other                                |          88          428                                                 
.r:refuse                               |          11           10                                                 
1.employed or self-employed             |        8223         9773                                                 
3.unemployed                            |         898          894                                                 
5.retired                               |       13569        17039                                                 
6.permanently sick or disabled          |         918         1361                                                 
8.homemaker                             |        4597         4503                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|    S1LBRF_S     S2LBRF_S                                                 
.d:dk                                   |           1            9                                                 
.o:other                                |          25          202                                                 
.r:refuse                               |          11            7                                                 
.u:unmar                                |        7343         8605                                                 
.v:sp nr                                |        3888         4506                                                 
1.employed or self-employed             |        5456         6525                                                 
3.unemployed                            |         507          527                                                 
5.retired                               |        7900        10231                                                 
6.permanently sick or disabled          |         493          760                                                 
8.homemaker                             |        2777         2907                                                 

How Constructed:

RwLBRF_S summarizes the labor force status for the respondent at each wave as employed or self-employed, unemployed, retired, disabled, or homemaker.

Labor force status is elicited by means of the question “in general, how would you describe your current situation?” after which the respondent is shown a card with the above set of labor force statuses to choose from.

SwLBRF_S summarizes the labor force status for the respondent's spouse or partner. It is taken from the spouse's RwLBRF_S. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

Unlike the HRS, the SHARE asks directly which labor status most generally describes the respondent’s situation. In the RAND HRS, the derivation of RwLBRF uses different survey questions where respondents can provide evidence of work, retirement and disability alone or in combination with other labor statuses (e.g. looking for part-time or full-time work).

Because of differences in surveys and variables’ derivation, RwLBRF_S in the RH SHARE uses a slightly different categorization than RwLBRF in the RAND HRS. Specifically, RwLBRF_S does not separate out full-time and part-time work, which are treated as distinct categories in RwLBRF. Also, unlike RwLBRF in the RAND HRS, RwLBRF_S does not feature the statuses of “partly retired” and “not in the labor force”. On the other hand, the category “homemaker” is present in RwLBRF_S, but not in RwLBRF.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP005_     current job situation                                       
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP005_     current job situation                                       
Hours of Work Per Week at Current Job 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1JHOURS      r1jhours:w1 Hours worked/week main job                        Cont
  2  R2JHOURS      r2jhours:w2 Hours worked/week main job                        Cont

  1  S1JHOURS      s1jhours:w1 Hours worked/week main job                        Cont
  2  S2JHOURS      s2jhours:w2 Hours worked/week main job                        Cont

  1  R1JHOUR2      r1jhour2:w1 Hours worked/week 2nd job                         Cont
  2  R2JHOUR2      r2jhour2:w2 Hours worked/week 2nd job                         Cont

  1  S1JHOUR2      s1jhour2:w1 Hours worked/week 2nd job                         Cont
  2  S2JHOUR2      s2jhour2:w2 Hours worked/week 2nd job                         Cont

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1JHOURS       8917        36.979        15.580         1.000       168.000
R2JHOURS      10507        36.936        14.620         1.000       168.000

S1JHOURS       5881        36.962        15.479         1.000       168.000
S2JHOURS       6961        37.242        14.383         1.000       168.000

R1JHOUR2        583        15.959        17.234         1.000       168.000
R2JHOUR2        582        12.370        12.416         1.000       130.000

S1JHOUR2        344        15.887        17.850         1.000       168.000
S2JHOUR2        365        12.768        13.307         1.000       130.000

How Constructed:

RwJHOURS is the usual number of hours per week the respondent works at his/her main job, excluding meal breaks and including paid or unpaid overtime.

All respondents reporting working for pay are asked about the number of hours per week worked at the main job. RwJHOURS recodes missings for this variable and is set to a .w missing code if the respondent is not working for pay.

RwJHOUR2 is the usual number of hours per week the respondent works at a secondary job. RwJHOUR2 recodes missings for this variable and is set to a .w missing code if the respondent is not working a second job.

SwJHOURS is the number of hours the respondent’s spouse in the current wave works at his/her main job. Its value is taken from the spouse's RwJHOURS. SwJHOUR2 is the number of hours the respondent’s spouse in the current wave works at his/her secondary job. Its value is taken from the spouse's RwJHOUR2. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

No differences known.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP013_1    total hours worked per week (main) job                      
    EP013_2    total hours worked per week secondary job                   
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP013_     total hours worked per week                                 
    EP321_     total hours worked per week second job                      
Weeks Worked Per Year at Job 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1JWEEKS_S    r1jweeks_s:w1 Weeks worked/year main job                      Cont
  2  R2JWEEKS_S    r2jweeks_s:w2 Weeks worked/year main job                      Cont

  1  S1JWEEKS_S    s1jweeks_s:w1 Weeks worked/year main job                      Cont
  2  S2JWEEKS_S    s2jweeks_s:w2 Weeks worked/year main job                      Cont

  1  R1JWEEK2_S    r1jweek2_s:w1 Weeks worked/year 2nd job                       Cont
  2  R2JWEEK2_S    r2jweek2_s:w2 Weeks worked/year 2nd job                       Cont

  1  S1JWEEK2_S    s1jweek2_s:w1 Weeks worked/year 2nd job                       Cont
  2  S2JWEEK2_S    s2jweek2_s:w2 Weeks worked/year 2nd job                       Cont

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1JWEEKS_S     9252        50.364         6.141         4.333        52.000
R2JWEEKS_S    10846        50.535         5.721         4.333        52.000

S1JWEEKS_S     6082        50.471         5.929         4.333        52.000
S2JWEEKS_S     7187        50.590         5.622         4.333        52.000

R1JWEEK2_S      628        45.500        12.970         4.333        52.000
R2JWEEK2_S      612        46.059        12.037         4.333        52.000

S1JWEEK2_S      369        46.809        11.359         4.333        52.000
S2JWEEK2_S      384        46.617        11.408         4.333        52.000

How Constructed:

RwJWEEKS_S is the number of weeks the respondent works per year at his/her main job, including paid holidays. RwJWEEK2_S is the number of weeks the respondent works per year at his/her secondary job, including paid holidays.

Respondents working for pay are asked about the number of months per year worked at their main job. RwJWEEKS_S is the weekly equivalent of the number of months worked per year. It is obtained by multiplying the number of reported months by 4.3333. RwJWEEKS_S recodes missings for this variable and is set to a .w missing code if the respondent is not working for pay.

Respondents working more than one job are asked about the number of months per year worked at the secondary job. RwJWEEK2_S is the weekly equivalent of the number of months worked per year. It is obtained by multiplying the number of reported months by 4.3333. RwJWEEK2_S recodes missings for this variable and is set to a .w missing code if the respondent is not working for pay.

SwJWEEKS_S and SwJEEK2_S are the number of weeks the respondent’s spouse works per year at his/her main and secondary job, respectively. Their values are taken from the spouse's RwJWEEKS_S and RwJWEEK2_S, respectively.  If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

Unlike the HRS, the SHARE does not elicit the number of weeks worked per year but the number of months. RwJWEEKS and RwJWEEK2 are derived by multiplying the reported number of months by 4.3333.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP014_1    months worked in (main) job (number)                        
    EP014_2    months worked in secondary job (number)                     
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP014_     months worked in the job (number)                           
    EP322_     months worked in second job (number)                        
Wage rate 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1WGIHR_S     r1wgihr_s:w1 Wage Rate-Hrly                                   Cont
  2  R2WGIHR_S     r2wgihr_s:w2 Wage Rate-Hrly                                   Cont

  1  S1WGIHR_S     s1wgihr_s:w1 Wage Rate-Hrly                                   Cont
  2  S2WGIHR_S     s2wgihr_s:w2 Wage Rate-Hrly                                   Cont

  1  R1WGIWK_S     r1wgiwk_s:w1 Wage Rate-Wkly                                   Cont
  2  R2WGIWK_S     r2wgiwk_s:w2 Wage Rate-Wkly                                   Cont

  1  S1WGIWK_S     s1wgiwk_s:w1 Wage Rate-Wkly                                   Cont
  2  S2WGIWK_S     s2wgiwk_s:w2 Wage Rate-Wkly                                   Cont

  1  R1WGFHR_S     r1wgfhr_s:w1 Flag Wage Rate-Hrly                              Categ
  2  R2WGFHR_S     r2wgfhr_s:w2 Flag Wage Rate-Hrly                              Categ

  1  S1WGFHR_S     s1wgfhr_s:w1 Flag Wage Rate-Hrly                              Categ
  2  S2WGFHR_S     s2wgfhr_s:w2 Flag Wage Rate-Hrly                              Categ

  1  R1WGFWK_S     r1wgfwk_s:w1 Flag Wage Rate-Wkly                              Categ
  2  R2WGFWK_S     r2wgfwk_s:w2 Flag Wage Rate-Wkly                              Categ

  1  S1WGFWK_S     s1wgfwk_s:w1 Flag Wage Rate-Wkly                              Categ
  2  S2WGFWK_S     s2wgfwk_s:w2 Flag Wage Rate-Wkly                              Categ

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1WGIHR_S      5877        33.736       932.828         0.000     71127.133
R2WGIHR_S      6742        19.365        57.161         0.000      3500.000

S1WGIHR_S      3957        39.013      1131.821         0.000     71127.133
S2WGIHR_S      4471        19.104        61.779         0.000      3500.000

R1WGIWK_S      6105      1158.033     38251.021         0.000   2987339.750
R2WGIWK_S      6940       641.693      1404.103         0.000     70000.000

S1WGIWK_S      4103      1406.895     46647.255         0.000   2987339.750
S2WGIWK_S      4599       626.377      1207.647         0.000     70000.000

R1WGFHR_S       926         6.175         3.818         1.000        11.000
R2WGFHR_S      1256         5.455         3.735         1.000        11.000

S1WGFHR_S       589         6.085         3.815         1.000        11.000
S2WGFHR_S       832         5.495         3.742         1.000        11.000

R1WGFWK_S       649         3.692         2.051         1.000         7.000
R2WGFWK_S       984         3.480         2.102         1.000         7.000

S1WGFWK_S       416         3.675         2.084         1.000         7.000
S2WGFWK_S       648         3.492         2.089         1.000         7.000

Categorical Variable Codes


Value-----------------------------------|   R1WGFHR_S    R2WGFHR_S                                                 
1.less than low entry point             |         120          267                                                 
2.about low entry point                 |          85           72                                                 
3.between low and mid entry point       |          99          142                                                 
4.about mid entry point                 |          62           94                                                 
5.between mid and high entry point      |         125          183                                                 
6.about high entry point                |          35           58                                                 
7.more than high entry point            |          88          116                                                 
11.missing hours worked                 |         312          324                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|   S1WGFHR_S    S2WGFHR_S                                                 
.u:unmar                                |        7343         8605                                                 
.v:sp nr                                |        3888         4506                                                 
1.less than low entry point             |          80          170                                                 
2.about low entry point                 |          55           48                                                 
3.between low and mid entry point       |          66          103                                                 
4.about mid entry point                 |          38           57                                                 
5.between mid and high entry point      |          77          124                                                 
6.about high entry point                |          20           37                                                 
7.more than high entry point            |          61           74                                                 
11.missing hours worked                 |         192          219                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|   R1WGFWK_S    R2WGFWK_S                                                 
1.less than low entry point             |         132          294                                                 
2.about low entry point                 |          93           76                                                 
3.between low and mid entry point       |         102          148                                                 
4.about mid entry point                 |          64           96                                                 
5.between mid and high entry point      |         127          190                                                 
6.about high entry point                |          36           60                                                 
7.more than high entry point            |          95          120                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|   S1WGFWK_S    S2WGFWK_S                                                 
.u:unmar                                |        7343         8605                                                 
.v:sp nr                                |        3888         4506                                                 
1.less than low entry point             |          88          189                                                 
2.about low entry point                 |          59           49                                                 
3.between low and mid entry point       |          68          106                                                 
4.about mid entry point                 |          38           57                                                 
5.between mid and high entry point      |          77          130                                                 
6.about high entry point                |          20           39                                                 
7.more than high entry point            |          66           78                                                 

How Constructed:

RwWGIHR_S and RwWGIWK_S are the respondent's hourly and weekly wage rate, respectively.

If the respondent reports working at an interview, he/she is asked how much the main job pays. The pay is taken from the SHARE question which asks “Before any deductions for tax, national insurance or pension and health contributions, union dues and so on, about how much was the last payment?” The reported take-home pay can refer to different periods, e.g. pay per week, per two weeks, per calendar month, per three months, per six months, or per year. Hours per week usually worked at the job are also asked (see RwJHOURS above). Hourly and weekly wage rates are calculated using the usual hours worked per week and the take-home pay, after appropriately adjusting the latter for the periodicity of the reported amount. Both variables are before taxes and expressed in nominal amounts of the official currency of the country the respondent lives in (as recorded by the variable CURRENCYw). If the respondent is working but his/her take-home pay from the main job is missing, the wage rate is left as missing.

SwWGIHR_S is the respondent’s spouse in the current wave hourly wage rate. It is taken from the spouse's RwWGIHR_S. SwWGIWK_S is the respondent’s spouse in the current wave weekly wage rate. It is taken from the spouse's RwWGIWK_S. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

The RwWGFHR_S and RwWGFWK_S variables are flags indicating whether the respondent’s wages were obtained using unfolding brackets and whether hours worked per week were missing.

SwWGFHR_S is the respondent’s spouse in the current wave imputation flags for hourly wage rate. It is taken from the spouse's RwWGFHR_S. SwWGFWK_S is the respondent’s spouse in the current wave imputation flags for weekly wage rate. It is taken from the spouse's RwWGFHR_S.  If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

While the comparable RAND HRS measures are in nominal dollars, the RH SHARE variables are expressed in nominal amounts of the official currency of the country the respondent lives in (as recorded by the variable CURRENCYw). Hence, any comparison of these data requires conversion to a common currency.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module::                                                                        
    EP038_1    frequency of payment in (main) job                          
    EP041E1    taken home from work before tax, (main) job                 
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP038_     frequency of payment                                        
    EP041E     taken home from work before tax                             
Level of Physical Effort at Current Job 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1JPHYS_S     r1jphys_s:w1 Cur job req lots phys effort                     Categ
  2  R2JPHYS_S     r2jphys_s:w2 Cur job req lots phys effort                     Categ

  1  S1JPHYS_S     s1jphys_s:w1 Cur job req lots phys effort                     Categ
  2  S2JPHYS_S     s2jphys_s:w2 Cur job req lots phys effort                     Categ

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1JPHYS_S      9276         2.507         1.028         1.000         4.000
R2JPHYS_S     10911         2.569         1.008         1.000         4.000

S1JPHYS_S      6088         2.485         1.032         1.000         4.000
S2JPHYS_S      7219         2.548         1.005         1.000         4.000

Categorical Variable Codes


Value-----------------------------------|   R1JPHYS_S    R2JPHYS_S                                                 
.d:dk                                   |          32           29                                                 
.r:refuse                               |           3           16                                                 
.w:not working                          |       18952        22323                                                 
1.Strongly Agree                        |        1959         1962                                                 
2.Agree                                 |        2436         3019                                                 
3.Disagree                              |        3099         3688                                                 
4.Strongly Disagree                     |        1782         2242                                                 

Value-----------------------------------|   S1JPHYS_S    S2JPHYS_S                                                 
.d:dk                                   |          29           22                                                 
.r:refuse                               |           1           12                                                 
.u:unmar                                |        7343         8605                                                 
.v:sp nr                                |        3888         4506                                                 
.w:not working                          |       11022        13438                                                 
1.Strongly Agree                        |        1346         1326                                                 
2.Agree                                 |        1576         2036                                                 
3.Disagree                              |        2031         2435                                                 
4.Strongly Disagree                     |        1135         1422                                                 

How Constructed:

RwJPHYS_S indicates the respondent’s level of agreement with the statement “My job is physically demanding.” A code of 1 is given if the respondent strongly agrees with the statement, a code of 2 if he/she agrees, a code of 3 if he/she disagrees, and a code of 4 if he/she strongly disagrees.

If the respondent is not working, this variable is set to a .w missing code.

SwJPHYS_S indicates the level of physical effort required by the respondent’s spouse’s occupation. It is taken from the spouse's RwJPHYS_S. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

RwJPHYS_S differs substantially from the variable RwJPHYS in the RAND HRS. The HRS asks respondents to report how often their job requires lots of physical effort, whereas the SHARE simply elicits the respondent’s agreement with the statement “My job is physically demanding.”

As far as physical effort on the job is concerned, the RAND HRS features other two variables besides RwJPHYS, one (RwJLIFT) recording whether the respondent’s job requires lifting heavy loads and another (RwJSTOOP) recording whether the respondent’s job requires stooping, kneeling, or crouching. Variables indicating whether the respondent’s job requires good eyesight (RwJSIGHT) and involves lots of stress (RwJSTRES) are also available in the RAND HRS.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP027_     (main) job physically demanding                             
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP027_     (main) job physically demanding                             
Years of Tenure on Current Job 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1JCTEN       r1jcten:w1 Current Job Tenure                                 Cont
  2  R2JCTEN       r2jcten:w2 Current Job Tenure                                 Cont

  1  S1JCTEN       s1jcten:w1 Current Job Tenure                                 Cont
  2  S2JCTEN       s2jcten:w2 Current Job Tenure                                 Cont

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1JCTEN        9301        20.609        13.295         0.000        79.000
R2JCTEN       10572        19.482        13.133         0.000        68.000

S1JCTEN        6113        20.536        13.038         0.000        74.000
S2JCTEN        6987        19.708        13.055         0.000        68.000

How Constructed:

RwJCTEN is the respondent's years of tenure on the current job in Wave 'w'.

Job tenure at each interview is derived using information on current work status, reported job changes, current job start year and current interview year. Specifically, years of tenure on the current job are calculated as current interview date minus current job start date and rounded to the nearest tenth.

If the respondent reports a job for the first time, RwJCTEN is calculated by subtracting the reported date when the job started from the interview date. In subsequent waves, if the respondent reports that he/she has not changed job or employer since the previous interview, RwJCTEN is calculated by subtracting the originally reported start date from the current interview date.

If the respondent is not working RwJCTEN is set to a .w missing code. If the respondent reports starting work at a date later than the current interview date RwJCTEN is set a .m special missing code.

SwJCTEN is the respondent’s spouse’s years of tenure on the current job. It is taken from the spouse's RwJCTEN. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

After the initial report of a job, RwJCTEN in the RAND HRS is calculated using the job start date from the interview when the job was first reported (unless the respondent reports being self-employed, in which case the given job start date is used). RwJCTEN in the RH SHARE does not ever use the interview data when the job was first reported to determine tenure if R continues to hold the same job. Instead, it always computes tenure using the originally reported start date of the job.

Also, unlike the HRS, the SHARE only surveys respondents as to the year they started their current job. As a result, the RH SHARE measure RwJCTEN is less accurate than its RAND HRS counterpart.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP010_1    start of current (main) job (year) 
Wave 1 Respondent Coverscreen Module:
    INT_YEAR   interview year                                              
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP010_     start of current job (year)                                 
    EP141DNO   change in job: none of these                                
Wave 2 Respondent Coverscreen Module:
    INT_YEAR_W2   interview year                                                             
Year last Job Ended 


Wave Variable      Label                                                         Type

  1  R1JLASTY      r1jlasty:w1 Year Last Worked/not workng                       Cont
  2  R2JLASTY      r2jlasty:w2 Year Last Worked/not workng                       Cont

  1  S1JLASTY      s1jlasty:w1 Year Last Worked/not workng                       Cont
  2  S2JLASTY      s2jlasty:w2 Year Last Worked/not workng                       Cont

Descriptive Statistics

Variable          N         Mean         Std Dev      Minimum       Maximum

R1JLASTY      16145      1989.195        13.028      1900.000      2005.000
R2JLASTY      18736      1990.974        12.441      1900.000      2007.000

S1JLASTY       9611      1990.500        12.092      1919.000      2005.000
S2JLASTY      11277      1992.244        11.568      1900.000      2007.000

How Constructed:

RwJLASTY is the year when the respondent’s last job ended. It is set to missing value .w if the respondent is working at Wave 'w'. If R never worked, RwJLASTY is set to a .n missing code.

Respondents are asked about past jobs retrospectively at their first interview. If they report ever having worked, then the year when their most recent job ended is obtained. All respondents who are re-interviewed are asked when their last job ended as well as if they had a paid job since the last interview and if the job reported during the last interview is not the most recent.

SwJLASTY is the year the respondent’s spouse last worked. It is taken from the spouse's RwJLASTY. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave and assumed to be single, a special missing value of .u is used. If the respondent is not designated as coupled in the current wave but reports being married, a special missing value of .v is used.

Cross Wave Differences in SHARE

No differences known.

Differences with the RAND HRS 

Unlike in the RAND HRS, RwJLASTY in the RH SHARE does not use the month and year given for retirement, disability, unemployment, and temporary layoff to fill in missing job stop dates.

SHARE Variables Used:

Wave 1 Employment Module:                                                                        
    EP005_     current job situation                                       
    EP006_     ever done paid work                                         
    EP050_     year last job end                                           
Wave 2 Employment Module:                                                                           
    EP005_     current job situation                                       
    EP006_     ever done paid work                                         
    EP050_     year last job end